Sally M (sallymn) wrote in 1word1day,
Sally M

Sunday Word: Gelid

gelid [jel-id]
Icy; extremely cold


Ungainly in looks, but a natural for work — each hoof a snowshoe, with hollow fur for warmth and to buoy them across gelid Arctic rivers. (Kyle Smith, Exploring a Timeless Wilderness, Before the Drilling Begins, New York Times, Sep 2019)

Admittedly, former commercials director Niccol is terrific at composing looks; however, an assemblage of glossy, gelid sequences does not necessarily add up to a satisfying cohesive film. (Kyle Smith, 'Gattaca': THR's 1997 Review, The Hollywood Reporter, 1997, reprinted 2019)

On its margin grows an odorous moss, while its gelid and translucent waters are esteemed a remedy for many disorders. (William Harrison Ainsworth, Guy Fawkes or The Gunpowder Treason )

These goggle eyes seem to be the prototype of Claggart's hypnotic fascinating gaze, which seems to have the power to stun its victim and is compared, as he fixes Billy with his look, to the gelid eyes of some uncataloged creature of the deep. (Joseph Adamson, Melville, Shame, and the Evil Eye: A Psychoanalytic Reading)


'very cold,' c. 1600, from Latin gelidus 'icy, cold, frosty,' from gelum 'frost, ice, intense cold' (from PIE root gel- 'cold; to freeze'). (Online Etymology Dictionary)

Gelid first appeared in English late in the 16th century, coming to our language from Latin gelidus, which ultimately derives from the noun gelu, meaning 'frost' or 'cold.' (Our noun gelatin, which can refer to an edible jelly that undergoes a cooling process as part of its formation, comes from a related Latin word: gelare, meaning 'to freeze.') Gelid is used in English to describe anything of extremely cold temperature (as in 'the gelid waters of the Arctic Ocean'), but the word can also be used figuratively to describe a person with a cold demeanor (as in 'the criminal's gelid stare'). (Merriam-Webster)

Tags: adjective, g, latin, wordsmith: sallymn

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