1 : racial segregation, specifically: a former policy of segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa
2 : separation, segregation: cultural apartheid, gender apartheid
It is a long time since I saw this word, but it came up just recently, as a meaning #2, which I never knew about, having only heard of this word in its meaning #1.
"Yes, we're all in this coronavirus ordeal together but I fear we're risking lockdown apartheid... it's the poorest who are being hardest hit", an article by John Humphries in The Daily Mail, March 27, 2020.
First Known Use:
1947, in the meaning defined at sense 1
Afrikaans, from apart apart + -heid -hood