Nehama (med_cat) wrote in 1word1day,

Thursday word: Cheville

cheville (shuh-VEE) - n., a word or phrase whose only function is to fill a metrical gap or make a sentence balanced.

Generally, either with little to no meaning or just repeating what's already been said. These are common in oral traditions (a lot of Homeric epithets can be considered chevilles) but by no means restricted to them. Adopted in the 19th century from French, where it's literally a peg or plug, with the latter sense being operative; that in turn is from Latin clāvīcula, key/pivot/peg, from a Proto-Indoeuropean root.


You can comment here or there.


"When writing poems, if your meter's not tight,
Just add a cheville, and it all adds up right."

Or a less ad hoc example, from Shakespeare's sonnet 38:

"How can my Muse want subject to invent,
While thou dost breathe, that pour'st into my verse"

A lot of do/doth/dost auxiliaries in verse are not needed even for the emphasis they give the verb, and are for the meter.

This entry is brought to you by prettygoodword
Tags: c, french, latin, noun, wordsmith: prettygoodword

  • Tuesday word: Diverge

    Tuesday, Jun. 8, 2021 Diverge (verb) di·verge [dih-vurj, dahy-] verb (used without object) 1. to move, lie, or extend in different directions…

  • Sunday Word: Peroration

    peroration [per- uh- rey-sh uhn] noun: 1 the concluding part of a speech or discourse, in which the speaker or writer recapitulates the…

  • Wednesday Word: Ikat

    Ikat noun. Ikat, pronounced ee-kaht, refers to either the technique used to create this woven cloth or the cloth itself. This interesting textile…

  • Post a new comment


    Comments allowed for members only

    Anonymous comments are disabled in this journal

    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded