ersatz_read (ersatz_read) wrote in 1word1day,
ersatz_read
ersatz_read
1word1day

Monday word: fasciation

fasciation  (făs′ē-ā′shən, făsh′ē-) noun

1. The act of binding up or bandaging.
2. The manner in which something is bound up.
3. (Botany) An abnormal flattening or coalescence of plant parts, such as stems.

Etymology:  from Latin root fascia, band.

The picture is from Wikipedia.

I first learned this word while investigating a variety of cherry tomato in my garden that had a tendency to produce double-wide fruit.
Apparently, plant breeders choosing for such a tendency created the beefsteak tomatoes we see today.
Standard tomatoes have an apical meristem (um...a tip where stuff like leaves and flowers can grow...any actual botanists, feel free to correct me), concentrated around a point, to produce a single, roughly cylindrical seed cavity.
Fasciation elongates or contorts the apical meristem, and over time this can result in the contorted, meaty interior of a beefsteak.
This NPR article explains it better ("if not for the control of one gene, the world might be overrun by giant tomatoes").

Tags: f, latin, noun, wordsmith: ersatz_read
Subscribe

  • Tuesday word: Solace

    Tuesday, Jul. 27, 2021 Solace (noun, verb) sol·ace [sol-is] noun Also called sol·ace·ment. 1. comfort in sorrow, misfortune, or trouble;…

  • Tuesday word: Bourgeois

    Tuesday, July 6, 2021 Bourgeois (noun, adjective) bour·geois [boor-zhwah, boor-zhwah; French boor-zhwa] noun plural bour·geois 1. a member of…

  • Tuesday word: Diverge

    Tuesday, Jun. 8, 2021 Diverge (verb) di·verge [dih-vurj, dahy-] verb (used without object) 1. to move, lie, or extend in different directions…

  • Post a new comment

    Error

    Comments allowed for members only

    Anonymous comments are disabled in this journal

    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded 

  • 3 comments