ersatz_read (ersatz_read) wrote in 1word1day,
ersatz_read
ersatz_read
1word1day

belated Monday word: sandhi

sandhi  (snd, sän-), noun

Modification of the form or sound of a word or morpheme under the influence of an adjacent word.

(A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language:  it has meaning, but no smaller part of it has meaning.  For example, 'unforgiveable' has three morphemes:  'un' and 'able' are bound morphemes, and 'forgive' is a free morpheme.)

One example of sandhi is the use of 'a' before words starting with a consonant (a hawk) and 'an' before words starting with a vowel (an owl).
Another is the phrase "cats and dogs", where 'cats' ends with an 's' sound but 'dogs' ends with a 'z' sound.
Those are both examples of external sandhi:  changes at the boundaries of words.
Internal sandhi is a change within a word; the Wikipedia example is 'sympathy' (syn- + pathy).

Etymology:  1800s, from Sanskrit samdhi, 'placing together'.  This sort of word modification is more common in Indian languages, and especially Sanskrit, hence the name. 
Tags: noun, s, sanskrit, wordsmith: ersatz_read
Subscribe

  • Wednesday Word: Morgenmuffel

    Morgenmuffel - noun. Today's word was suggested by weebleswobble. Can we agree that German has a lot of great words? To be a…

  • Tuesday word: Madcap

    November 3, 2020 Madcap (adjective, noun) mad·cap [mad-kap] adjective 1. wildly or heedlessly impulsive; reckless; rash: a madcap…

  • Wednesday Word: Mutatis mutandis

    Mutatis mutandis - phrase. I'm going back to school again this year and my fibre classes are bursting with new words and phrases to share. I…

  • Post a new comment

    Error

    Comments allowed for members only

    Anonymous comments are disabled in this journal

    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded 

  • 3 comments