Larry's Pretty Good Word of the Day (prettygoodword) wrote in 1word1day,
Larry's Pretty Good Word of the Day
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Thursday word: calque

calque (KALK) - n., a term borrowed from another language by translating its constituent parts. v., to so borrow.


Also known as loan translation -- which term is autologous, being a calque of German Lehnübersetzung. The example everyone gives is English superman taken from German Übermensch, but we're not the only ones to do it -- and Wikipedia has a couple examples and a fuller list to prove it, including a list of languages that calqued translation (such as German Übersetzung) from Latin translatio, "to bring across". Calque itself is a borrowing from French, where it means copy, from calquer to trace, from Italian calcare, to trample, trace, from Latin, to trample.

Brainwashing is a calque of Mandarin xǐ nǎo.

---L.
Tags: c, french, latin, noun, verb
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