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Tuesday Word: acanthocyte

An acanthocyte, also called a spur cell, is a type of red blood cell that has spines or abnormal thorny projections. These spines/thorns are made of protoplasm.

Acanthocytes are generally found in people who have liver disease or abetalipoproteinemia, also known as Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome.

The word is a combination of the Greek acantha (thorn) and -cyte (cell).
Wow, what a busy Labor Day Weekend! I may be slow, but I don't give up, here's another opportunity to enter the contest for a free subscription or userhead.


com·bob·u·late [kuhm-bob-yuh-leyt]:
origin: (1825-35) from discombobulate, an Americanism or fanciful alteration of discompose/discomfort.

verb
There are those that will tell you that this is not actually a word because discombobulate was a word spontaneously invented in America about a hundred years ago (although it resembles the Italian scombussolato, which means "a person without a functioning compass") and it was meant playfully then. However, if you're feeling rebellious, and would like to put this jocular back-formation of a lackadaisically invented word into use, why not discombombulate the English language a little further with one of these suggested definitions:

1. To bring order out of a state of chaos or removed from a state of confusion.
2. (slang) To get your act and/or belongings together.
3. Exacting a great deal of time & thought on a matter.


grun·tled [ˈgrəntld/]:
origin: (before 900) frequentative of grunt; German grunzen; Latin grunnīre

adjective
To be content or pleased with the way things are.

"..were gruntled with a good meal and good conversation" — W. P. Webb
"I could see that, if not actually disgruntled, he was far from being gruntled." — P. G. Wodehouse




BONUS QUESTION: What's a specific word that you've learned or enjoyed through this community?

discalced

discalced (ds-klst), adj.
1.  unshod, barefoot, or wearing sandals
2.  used to denote certain religious orders where friars or nuns wear sandals.

Etymology:  1600s, Latin, from calceare, to put on shoes.

When I first sat for baby photos, I cried until my shoes were removed.  As I grew up I spent most of my summer days barefoot.  I was fortunate:  we lived on 20 acres outside of town, half wooded, with a river and pond.  There were clamshells to collect, trees and tall grass to hide in, plants and rocks to gather....  I had incredible calluses; I could walk across sharp gravel without a thought.

The start of school would be the end of my discalced days for the year.

Friday words: Podstakannik and bubliki

Thanks to theidolhands for the idea ;)
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Podstakannik: a tea glass holder, the kind you can see in the photo below, so one could drink hot tea without burning one's hand holding the glass.

Pod-, "under", stakan, "glass". Plural: podstakanniki.

Bubliki are the round things you see in the photo; they are somewhat like pretzels but round a bit softer, and slightly sweet instead of salty. They can be dusted with poppy-seeds, as in the picture, or plain. They are traditionally served with tea, and may be broken in half and dipped in the tea.

Singular: bublik.


Despite being very busy at the moment, I can't deprive people of an opportunity to enter into the contest for a free subscription or userhead by neglecting my weekly duties.


scar·i·fy [ˈskɛərɪˌfaɪ]:
origin: (1400s) Greek; skariphasthai = to scratch, outline or sketch

adjective
Or scar·i·fy·ing, basically means to make small cuts in -- which can be applied metaphorically (as in hurting someone's feelings) or to do this literally to the skin's surface (practiced by indigenous cultures for specific rituals and appropriated in modern times for beauty), or in biology in order to make seeds germinate faster.



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BONUS QUESTION: How long have you been a member of 1word1day? How did you discover that this community existed?

Monday word: gimlet

gimlet (gmlt)
noun:
1. A small hand tool used for boring holes in wood, with a pointed spiral tip and a handle at right angles.
2. A cocktail made with vodka or gin, and lime juice.
verb:
To make holes using a gimlet.
adj.:
Having a penetrating or piercing quality.

Etymology:  from Old French guimbelet, little drill.

Smedley D. Butler was known as "old gimlet eye".

Friday word: Yonderly

Because we need more y-words! ;)

This word must be, as best as I can ascertain, a colloquialism or slang. If anyone here knows more, please do comment!
~~

Yonderly

1. Absent minded

2. Mentally or emotionally distant

3. Mentally or physically weak or low

4. Vague


(definitions obtained from the Balkaar Dictionary; word originally found via this article, do check it out for several more interesting words and images:

A Visual Alphabet-Dictionary of Unusual Words from BrainPickings)

Thursday word: "Brokeback"

Most people think of this movie when they hear the word “brokeback”:

brokeback_mountain_xlg
aka ‘gay cowboys eating pudding’


But among the online comic book fan community, its taken on a new meaning. Its used to describe the ridiculous poses that female characters are often contorted into. More specifically, its used to describe the poses that break the rules of basic human anatomy just to show off a woman’s boobs and buttocks at the same time. For example:
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Tuesday Word: aphelion

Aphelion: The point in the orbit of a celestial body at which it is farthest from the sun, from ap- (away, apart) and helios (sun). Ahhh...sounds lovely.

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