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Thursday word: advection

advection (ad-VEK-shun) - n., (meteorology) a horizontal flow of air, especially one that transports heat, moisture, particulates, etc. (themodyamics) the motion of heat in a fluid by bulk motion of the fluid (regardless of direction).


The thermodynamics sense is in contrast to convection, motion of heat by bulk motion and diffusion combined, while the meterology sense is in contrast to convection, a flow in a vertical direction that transports et cet. Both are from Latin -- or in the case of advection, coined from Latin roots in the early 1900s -- from vehere, to carry or bring plus a prefix: ad- meaning toward or con- meaning with.

The low will pass to our north with little or no warm air advection to transport much moisture into the region.

---L.

Wednesday word: arrears

arrears: [uh-reerz]

Plural Noun:

1.  The state of being behind on paying a debt or other obligation. "During the recession, many homeowners were in arrears with their morgage payments."

2. An unfinished dudy.

3. An unpaid or overdue debt.

Etymology: First known use 1300-1350  Middle English
arrere "behind" or "backward."  From Middle French arere. From Latin ad retro.

Monday word: eidolon

eidolon (ī-dō′lən) noun
1. An unsubstantial image; a phantom.
2. An ideal or idealized figure.

Etymolgy:  Greek, from eidos, form, shape.

Not to be confused with the Eidelons from the Farscape TV series.  Although I wouldn't be surprised if the similarity were intentional.

Saturday & Sunday Word: Tritensil & Hoo-ha

tri·ten·sil [trīˈtensəl]:
origin: [1300-1940] Middle English; tri= having three + tensil= (utensil) tool.

noun
The spork (spoon + fork) redesigned to include a knife on the side, less elegantly referred to as a sporf.

This 3-in-1 design is a revival of the one created during World War I by the same British company, Fortnum & Mason -- the new one is manufactured of biodegradable (disposable) material for department stores, although you can still buy the original metal ones in F&M's shops. The knife part of the tritensil spurned quite a few memes in this theme, although the edge is actually indented and harmless without exerted pressure applied (by a human hand).

Image and video hosting by TinyPic


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hoo·ha [ˈhü-ˌhä]:
origin: Yiddish; הו־האַ= hu-ha or “hullabaloo" or possibly French; houp-là= "upsy-daisy".

noun
1. A fuss, laughter, and/or disturbance; to make a lot of noise; an uproar or commotion.

2. In modern interpretations (seen here @ Urban Dictionary), hoo-ha sometimes is used as a replacement as a slang word for a rear end or women's genitalia.

"What is all this hoo-ha?! This is a library and people are trying to THINK!"

Friday word: Boondocks

Boondocks (n.)

Language of Origin:

Tagalog

About the Word:

Boondocks (and boonies) both mean "a rural area," particularly one considered backward, dull, or unsophisticated.

In Tagalog, the language that is the base for Filipino, an official language of the Philippines, bundok means "mountains." Following the Philippine Revolution of 1898, the occupying American military forces adopted "boondocks" and broadened its meaning to refer to the wild and rural country they found there.

(Source: Merriam-Webster's Top Ten Favorite Words from Foreign Languages list)

Thursday word: paucal

paucal (PAW-kuhl) - n., a grammatical number used when referring to more than two but less than many in number. adj., being inflected in this form.


English, like most languages, has two grammatical numbers for nouns: singular and plural. Some Indo-European languages, such as Ancient Greek and Old Norse, as well as Semitic languages such as Arabic have a dual form for two of an item (traces of which still appear in modern Icelandic). Beyond that, however, there are a couple languages, such as Hopi, that also have paucal forms for more than dual but less than plural. There are, apparently, traces of a paucal form in Russian genetive forms. In Arabic, the rule of thumb is that paucal covers from three to roughly ten, with other upper bounds in other languages. From Latin paucalis, few/little, the noun form of the adjectival paucus, which also gave us paucity.

Northern Kurdish, or Kurmanji, is the only known Indo-European language with paucal forms.

---L.

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Wednesday word: insouciance

insouciance: [in-soo-see-uh ns]

noun:   Casual lack of care or concern.  Indifference. Nonchalance.  The cheerful, guiltless feeling you have when nothing is concerning you.

Origin:  French; first known use 1790-1800



Related: adjective: insouciant

Monday words: saxicolous, rupicolous

saxicolous (săk-sĭk′ə-ləs), adj.
Living on or among rocks.

Etymology:  Latin, from saxum, stone/rock + colere, to inhabit

rupicolous (ro͞o-pĭk′ə-ləs), adj.
Living on or among rocks.

Etymology:  Latin, from rupes, crag/rock + colere, to inhabit.

Both words are used primarily to describe plants living on rocks, such as lichens.
An 1892 dictionary of botanical terms says the distinctions between these terms are "mainly slight and inconstant".
Saxicolous is the more common of the two.
scrip·tu·ri·ent [ˈskrip\ˈtu'rēˌənt]:
origin: [obsolete] Latin; scribere= desire to write.

adjective (scripturiency; noun)
A compulsion to write down thoughts & ideas; the violent or passionate need to write.



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sa·miz·dat [sä′mĭz-dät′, sə-myĭz-dät′]:
origin: [1965–70] Russian : sam= self + izdatel'stvo publishing house + izdat= to publish.

noun
The 'zines of the Kremlin.

Well, technically, it is self-publishing one's own works that would otherwise be banned by the country or state; a popular underground form of expression amid communist governments; an underground press.

Prison is a distinct possibility for committing these offenses of free speech.

Friday words: Jungle wallah and demiurge

Jungle wallah--"a jungle fellow", i.e., someone rude, uncivilized, lacking manners. Used in India; mixed Hindi and English, "wallah"--"fellow" in Hindi.
~~
Demiurge noun demi·urge \ˈde-mē-ˌərj\

1 capitalized
a : a Platonic subordinate deity who fashions the sensible world in the light of eternal ideas
b : a Gnostic subordinate deity who is the creator of the material world

2: one that is an autonomous creative force or decisive power
— demi·ur·gic

Etymology:

Late Latin demiurgus, from Greek dēmiourgos, literally, artisan, one with special skill, from dēmios of the people (from dēmos people) + -ourgos worker (from ergon work)

First Known Use: 1840

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